Indigo

Pigments, Glazes, Dyes Textiles, Fibres
Indigo

Bagru printing

Bagru printing is one of the traditional techniques of printing with natural colors followed by the Chippas of a remote place of Rajasthan. The process starts from preparing the cloth to finished printed fabrics following an age old indigenous methods. These motifs have always stood out because of some specialty they behold. They are printed on light colored background with wooden blocks following two styles: direct and resist style.

Indians were among the pioneers in the art of dyeing and printing with natural colors in the world. Dyeing with indigo was more of a mystery to many foreign travellers to India because they could observe no color when fabric is dipped in indigo bath colors develop during exposure in open air. Hand block printing has been recognized as a craft through generations in different clusters in the country. Each cluster follows its distinctive style and methods, uses locally available natural materials and motifs of some specialty. ‘Bagru’ print is that kind of centuries old traditional art of hand block printing still alive.

The final process to create a bagru fabric is known as tapai (sun bleaching). Which means the fabric is washed to remove excess dust and dirt and it is kept in the sunlight for drying. Once Tapai is done, the bagru fabric is ready to use. Bagru printing cloths are used both in a modern and traditional array.

Maker

Kala Chaupal

References

Indigo and Its Impact on East Asian Textile (Article)

Asian Textile Studies: Indigo (Article)

Bagru- The Indian Indigo Culture (Article)

Indigo Dyeing Guide – How To Dye With Indigo Plants (Article)