Made in

Animal material 63 Biodegradable 232 Circular 217 Eggshell 14 Gum 2


Photos: Laura van de Wijdeven

Eggshell Ceramic

10 billion eggs a year are produced in the Netherlands, which makes the country the largest egg exporter in the world. An egg produces a valuable material which is often seen as waste; the shell. Luckily not all 10 billion eggshells are wasted, it’s often used as a soil improver in agriculture.

‘Eggshell Ceramic’ is a circular material derived from this industry to present new possibilities with this material. This project shows that we can also use the material one more time before it is given back to nature. Atelier LVDW developed a biodegradable but strong material out of the eggshells which can be a sustainable replacement for single-use products. The material has the look of ceramics but the weight of cardboard, which makes it a versatile material. At the end of its life, it can still be used for agriculture.

The discarded eggshells originate from a Dutch chicken company that sells its eggs to supermarkets. Many of those eggs are broken in the journey from hen to supermarket, which creates waste.

Information submitted by the maker and edited by the Future Materials Bank.


Eggshells, water, natural gum


Creative Europe Programme of the European Union, Matter, Elisava and Politecnico

Physical samples

Accessible to visitors of the Future Materials Lab