Material

Fungus

By

Made in

Dye 48 Pigment 50 Oil 4 Solvent 2 Wax 6

Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus
Fungus

Photos: Tom Mannion, Chris Ould, Ben Turner, Mael Haneff

Alchemical Mycology – Cosmetics

Colour is a vital feature of life and as such, humans have been on a quest to harness the boldest and brightest colours for thousands of years, originally creating pigments from natural materials (such as clay and ash) until the discovery of synthetic colourants in the mid-19th century which redefined our relationship with colour.

The advent of synthetic colourants triggered a new wave of colourful possibilities, with hues and performance characteristics well beyond that of colourants from plants, animals, and minerals. However, synthetic colourants are made from fossil fuels (a non-renewable resource) and some have been found to have harmful effects on both humans (as carcinogens) and the planet (as pollutants). Growing awareness of these issues has increased the global demand for alternative renewable sources of colour in the food, cosmetic and textile sectors.

Fungi are an unexplored source of sustainable colourants that are non-toxic, biodegradable, light-fast, and some even have cosmeceutical benefits, such as anti-oxidant and UV protection. Mycology (the study of fungi) is a relatively new field and it is estimated that we’ve only discovered about 1% of the fungi on Earth, yet within that 1% there’s a wealth of research into the potential applications and industrial importance of pigments extracted from fungi.

Drawing on her background in chemistry and biomolecular science, Jesse Adler has become a mycological alchemist, extracting pigments from fungi and exploring how they can function as abundant renewable sources of colour with the potential to reduce or replace our dependence on non-renewable colourants (e.g. synthetic or mineral).

To illustrate the viability of fungal pigments, she created a makeup collection using the pigments she extracted from mushrooms, lichens, yeast and mould. By collaborating with fungi she is challenging our relationship with colour as it intersects with beauty, health and the environment while valorising fungi and their chemical extracts.

Text submitted by the maker and edited by the Future Materials Bank. For information about reproducing (a part of) this text, please contact the maker.

Future Materials Encounter

Future Materials Encounters are a series of workshops and conversations around the materials of the Future Materials Bank. Each event in the series focuses on a specific material, staging a conversation between the maker and the audience.

Ingredients

Fungal culture, solvent (organic or inorganic), natural oils and waxes

Credits

Collaborators: Seri Robinson, Abi Righton