Pine needle


Made in

Biodegradable 228 Circular 215 Composite 97 Plant-based 167 Recyclable 115 Natural binder 2 Pine needle 3 Wax 6

Pine needle

Photos: Gaurav MK Wali

Cheer Project

‘Cheer Project’ is a research on pine needles in which this abundant, overlooked and unwanted material is developed into a 100% bio-based, recyclable and compostable biocomposite material.

Himachal Pradesh is a state in India at the foothills of the Himalayas. It is known for its quaint valleys and snow-covered mountains. Most of this beauty is created from the pine forest, which covers forty thousand square kilometres. But the state is facing menacing environmental complications caused by the fallen leaves of pine trees called pine needles. The imbalance caused by these needles has a huge impact on life and the entire ecosystem. From forest fires, and water scarcity to unemployment.

Cheer Project offers a sustainable and socially-viable solution to the environmental hazards caused by an overabundance of dried pine needles on the forest floor. Through a holistic approach, Cheer Project’s production process unveils the dormant potential of pine needles while also empowering indigenous communities by creating livelihood opportunities for them. The process is circular: pine needles are collected by indigenous communities from nearby pine forests, and the collected needles are then processed into a fibre with locally-built, low-cost machinery. This pine fibre is further mixed with natural binders to make the pine composite. The developed composition is 100% bio-based, compostable, recyclable, fire retardant, water repellent and causes no pollution or waste in the process.

This bio-composite material can be used by local artisans to manufacture sustainable products and revenue generated through sales, which will further strengthen the rural economy. Cheer Project seeks to democratise the process of problem-solving through design. The ultimate concept rests on the fusion of local craftsmanship and sustainable utilisation of a naturally abundant novel material; the rediscovery of the humble pine needle.

Information submitted by the maker and edited by the Future Materials Bank.


Pine needle fibre, natural binders, waxes

Physical samples

0060-1, 0060-2, 0060-3, 0060-4
Accessible to visitors of the Future Materials Lab