Textile, Clothes moth


Made in

Biodegradable 244 Circular 225 Fibre 68 Recycled 125 Regenerative 56 Textile 96 Textile 4

Textile, Clothes moth
Textile, Clothes moth
Textile, Clothes moth
Textile, Clothes moth
Textile, Clothes moth
Textile, Clothes moth
Textile, Clothes moth

Photos: Tom Mannon

Made By Moths

‘Made By Moths’ is an investigation of the potential of clothes moths and their digestive enzymes in breaking down textile waste which contains keratinous fibre, such as wool.

Clothes moths serve the ecosystems with their uncommon ability to digest keratin, which is contained in materials such as wool, fur, feathers and hairs. This special ability – there are only a few other animals in the ecosystem that feeds on keratin – is often considered detestable and they have been regarded as pests due to attacking and feeding on our beloved woollen clothes. In this way, clothes moths have evolved unusually powerful enzymes to digest keratinous fibres such as wool. Harnessing the power of natural evolution and the biological function of clothes moths for the natural environment Made By Moths aims to highlight the possibility of looking at nature and biological systems to solve compelling issues such as the abundance of textile waste. Alongside to reframe our perception of the clothes moths - who are usually considered as pest - in a positive light as the embodiment of a potential solution, for a bio-inspired regenerative circular future.

The fashion and textiles industries are among the most polluting industries in the world and approximately 73% of textile waste is sent to landfill or incinerated. Within this system, the blend of fibres is especially problematic to recycle. Despite wool and silk accounting approximately for 1% of the global textile production, the recycling process in place is limited especially when these fibres are blended with other materials, resulting in difficulties in recycling them through a close-loop system and becoming down-cycled.

This project investigates the potential of using clothes moths and their digestive enzymes in selecting and breaking down keratinous fibres both in mono-materials textiles or within a blend of fibres and materials. Made By Moths investigates at two different scales the potential of clothes moths in breaking down keratin-based textile waste. On a nano-scale, the project offers the initial point for a research journey in the investigation of clothes moths’ digestive enzymes and systems to recycle wool fibres in the context of the circular economy. This aspect is investigated in collaboration with molecular biologists at the Centre for Novel Agricultural Products, Department of Biology at the University of York.

On a ‘human scale’ the project investigates clothes moths farming, looking at how clothes moths eat different materials and how they digest and break down keratinous fibres, transforming them into a dust-like material. This waste can be crafted into artefacts that will naturally biodegrade, rather than polluting the environment, they will nurture it.

The final artefacts are communicative tools representing the idea of clothes moths farming, the biowaste collection and the bioware valorisation through object crafting, such as the brooch made of biowaste blended with a natural biodegradable resin. They represent the circularity of the underpinning concept: clothes moths eat and break down keratinous-based textiles waste (Prototype 1 - The Farm); their droppings or the biowaste dust are collected (Prototype 2 - The Biowaste Pile); the biowaste is crafted into an object, in this case, a brooch in the amplified shape of the cloth moth larva, which can be used for example on a jumper either to close or to highlight a clothes moths hole (Prototype 3 - The Brooch).

Text submitted by the maker and edited by the Future Materials Bank. For information about reproducing (a part of) this text, please contact the maker.


Clothes moths biowaste, damar gum, wood, metal, perspex, textiles


Professor Simon McQueen Mason, Dr Federico Sabbadin

Physical samples

  • 0103-1

  • 0103-2

Accessible to participants at the Jan van Eyck Academie and during Open Studios.